Natural Media of Human Communication
Interdisciplinary insights into human cognition, language, and technology
This Leonardo module is a joint initiative of the HumTec research group Natural Media/NeuroPeirce and the RWTH Aachen Center for Sign Language and Gesture (SignGes).
This module explores connections among the human mind, language, and other media we naturally use to express ourselves and to understand the people around us. We use spoken language(s) to talk to others and to solve problems, we read our friends’ facial expressions to find out what they might think or feel, we point with our fingers when giving directions, and we are quite good at telling whether somebody is relaxed or agitated from looking at her or his body posture. Users of sign languages recruit their hands and the space around them to converse, tell elaborate stories, or create poetry.
What is common to all these uses of ‘natural media’ is that no artificial or technical medium is needed to connect and communicate. Human face-to-face interaction probably is the most fundamental way to communicate, and yet it is a complex mix of finely coordinated bodily movements, speech sounds, mimics, looks, posture, and so forth. It concerns all of us, and understanding the principles – and the beauty – of it, remains one of the big challenges of personal and scientific inquiry. Now, in the era of electronic media, another crucial task is to preserve some of the naturalness in technological and virtual environments (e.g., mobile communication, virtual reality games, etc.).
Class presentations and discussions will concern the multimodal nature of language. One of the guiding questions is how the different natural media are used in everyday communication, and what the advantages and limits of each medium seem to be. What is the evolutionary advantage of spoken language? What can gestures do that oral language cannot do as easily? And what does this tell us about human cognition and behavior? Another central interest is to see how scientists from various disciplines merge their expertise to investigate the forms and functions of natural media in different contexts. For example, what happens in people’s heads when language breaks down due to brain damage? What does it take to translate from one language into another? We will also discuss issues in designing gestural interfaces with technology for intuitive use. Along the way, students will become familiar with the methods researchers use to examine human communicative behavior, such as audio/video analysis, experimental design, and brain imaging.
Introduction; what is a science slam?
Survival Semiotics. Understanding Natural and Cultural Signs.
Prof. Dr. Irene Mittelberg
Linguistics & Cognitive Semiotics; HumTec & SignGe
Talking heads and hands: On the Role of Gestures in Multimodal Interaction
Dr. phil. Vito Evola
Bonn International School of Information Technology; Natural Media Lab/HumTec
Hands, numbers, and counting: Behavioral and brain activation studies
Prof. Dr. Klaus Willmes-von Hinckeldey
Dept. of Neurology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, & SignGes
Visual Analysis of Human Motion for Robot Navigation – Individuals, Social Groups, Person-Object Interactions
Prof. Dr. sc. techn. Bastian Leibe
RWTH Informatics 8, Computer Vision/UMIC Research Centre
Signed Languages: Insights into the Multimodality of Language: Influence of Language Modality on Categorization
Horst Sieprath & Dr. phil. Klaudia Grote
RWTH Aachen Center for Sign Language and Gesture (SignGes)
Cognitive Control in Language Processing
Mathieu Declerck, M.Sc. & Simone Schäffner, M.Sc.
RWTH Cognitive & Experimental Psychology
Science slam competition
Language of instruction
To give all students the opportunity to benefit from an international setting, all lectures and discussions will be held in English. During the discussion sessions, questions and answers may be translated. The English readings fort he course will be at a manageable level.
Participants are expected to do the assigned readings as class preparations and to actively engage in class discussions. To earn credits for a ‘Leistungsnachweis’, each student is further asked to participate in a science slam presentation on one of the topics treated during the semester. More information will be provided in class